STUDY OF FOOD RECOMMENDATIONS TO MEET NUTRITIONAL NEEDS BASED ON DIVERSITY OF IDEAL WEIGHT CALCULATION METHODS

Ardina Anggie Christantie

Abstract


At present, Indonesia faces multiple nutritional problems, namely the problem of malnutrition and over nutrition problems. Diet is the most influential thing in the state of individual nutrition. Nutrition that is not optimal will be related to poor health. Nutritional problems in essence are public health problems, but the response cannot be done with medical approaches and health services alone. The purpose of this study is to conduct an in-depth analysis to determine the nutritional needs of each individual. The level of nutritional adequacy and ideal body weight will be analyzed using the formula of Ideal Body Weight (BBI), Broca's formula, and the formula for Body Mass Index (BMI). Daily calorie requirements will be analyzed using the Energy Basal Metabolism (EMB) formula based on BMI, Harris Bennedict formula, and Perkeni formula. Recommendations for nutritional intake will be calculated using a formulation determined by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The results of the analysis obtained from this study are the calculation of nutritional status, ideal body weight, daily caloric needs, and recommendations for nutritional intake which refers to the nutritional adequacy standards of the Indonesian Ministry of Health and also
recommends the amount of food to be consumed by individuals daily calories adjusted to the criteria of each individual, namely Normal (not sick), coronary heart sufferers, and people with Diabetes Mellitus.


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